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and a ship is subject to the laws of that country, which are used also if the ship is involved in a case under admiralty law.A ship's owners may elect to register a ship in a foreign country which enables it to avoid the regulations of the owners’ country which may, for example, have stricter safety standards.New Part 1 (Commercial) and Part 4 (Bareboat) application and registration process for merchant ships, including workboats, tugs, large cargo ships and passenger vessels operating commercially on the UK Ship Register.On 23 June 2010, the States Assembly unanimously approved the use of the Jersey Defaced Red Ensign by all ships registered at the Port of Jersey.In 2011, Cunard Cruise line registered all its ships in Bermuda, which, besides other considerations, enabled its ship captains to marry couples at sea, weddings at sea being described as a lucrative market., thirteen flag states have been found by international shipping organizations to have substandard regulations.On the other hand, maritime industry practitioners and seafarers from other countries contend that this is a natural product of globalisation.
Such was a consideration when Carnival Cruise Line changed the flag of the RMS Empress of Canada in 1972 to that of Panama.
The use of open registries steadily increased, and in 1968, Liberia grew to surpass the United Kingdom as the world's largest ship register.
As of 2009, more than half of the world’s merchant ships were registered with open registries, and almost 40% of the entire world fleet, in terms of deadweight tonnage, were registered in Panama, Liberia, and the Marshall Islands.
Purchase may be made from local Jersey chandlers or, for overseas owners, online from various reputable websites. For further information, contact the British Register of Ships in Jersey.
Flag of convenience (FOC) is a business practice whereby a ship's owners register a merchant ship in a ship register of a country other than that of the ship's owners, and the ship flies the civil ensign of that country, called the flag state.
One criticism is that shipowners who want to hide their ownership may select a flag-of-convenience jurisdiction which enables them to be legally anonymous.