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Such an amendment has to be passed by majority of total members of each house of the Parliament as well as by two-thirds majority of the members present and voting there in.
However, in addition to this process, some amendments must be approved by at least 50% of the states.
After this procedure the amendment is signed by the head of the state i.e; the President.
Since in India important amendments can be amended through this procedure Hence, Indian Constitution has been rightly called a rigid constitution. The Union List consists of 97 subjects of national importance such as Defence, Railways, Post and Telegraph, etc.
However, this is not applicable in case of Indian States.
They have unequal representation in the Rajya Sabha.
A unitary system is governed constitutionally as one single unit, with one constitutionally created legislature. A unitary state is a sovereign state governed as one single unit in which the central government is supreme and any administrative divisions (sub national units) exercise only powers that the central government chooses to delegate.
This is one of the federal features of the Indian constitution.
The Concurrent List has 47 subjects important to both the Union and the State such as Electricity, Trade Union, Economic and Social Planning, etc.
In other words, Governor is the agent of the Centre in the States.
The working of Indian federal system clearly reveals that the Governor has acted more as centre’s representative than as the head of the State.
It can declare a law as unconstitutional, if it contravenes any provision of the Constitution.
In spite of the fact that the Indian Constitution establishes a federal structure, it is indeed very difficult to put the Indian Constitution in the category of a true federation.
This enables the Union government to exercise control over the State administration.